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Florence Attractions and Things to See
Florence is the capital
city of the Italian region of Tuscany and the province of
Florence, with the most people in the region of Tuscany,
situated on the River Arno, famous for its fabulous history and
significance during the Middle Ages and Renaissance, but
particularly for its outstanding architecture and art, and the
magnificent cultural heritage. It had been the medieval hub for
European finance and trade, one of the richest cities of that
period, and believed to be the birthplace of the Renaissance, as
being called the Athens of the Middle Ages. It had a very unique
and troubling political history, that included rule by the
Medici family, periods of turbulence in its republican and
religious revolutions, as well as becoming the capital city of
the Kingdom of Italy during the period from 1865 to 1870. It has
been called the "Jewel of the Renaissance". The center of the
city welcomes millions of tourists each year, being declared a
UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1982, and considered to be one of
the most beautiful cities in the world, with a fantastic impact
on the world with its outstanding artistic, cultural and
historical heritage, that included music, education, religion,
architecture, philosophy, cuisine, fashion and science.
The city has a magnificent collection of art, especially those that are housed in the Uffizi and Pitti Palace that get about 1.6 tourists a year, and many believe it is the last preserved Renaissance city on the planet, with many others believing it to be the art capital of the country, and the birthplace of many famous historical figures that include; Emilio Pucci, Dante, Coluccio Salutati, Boccaccio, Leonardo Bruni, Leonardo da Vinci, Roberto Cavalli, Botticelli, Salvatore Ferragamo, Niccolo Machiavelli, Franco Zeffirelli, Brunelleschi, Guccio Gucci, Michelangelo, Antonio Meucci, Donatello, Catherine de Medici and Galileo Galitei. It has such a long and illustrious history, that it is impossible to list, and would be better fathomed by visiting, as well as researching its fabulous heritage and other beautiful venues, like the sculpture, Porte Sante cemetery where many of these famous people are now interred, excellent climate and spectacular scenery.
It is famous for its architecture, that have helped it become the "cradle of the Renaissance" because of its many churches, monuments and unique structures, with the most prominent being the Santa Maria del Fiore that is also known as the Duomo, and a marvelous domed cathedral, with its fabulous dome created by Filippo Brunelleschi, along with the Campanile that is nearby and partially designed by Giotto, and the Baptistery buildings; as well as the dazzling churches. There are at least two dozen fantastic churches locate in the city that are significant for their architecture, exquisite interior decorations and the religious relics they house. Many of its most prominent art collections are housed in magnificent and historical structures that are some of the city's finest architectural delights, like the Uffizi, that houses one of the most famous and significant art galleries in the world that also contain an incomparable collection of artworks that includes artists not mentioned this far; Raffaello, Tiziano, Caravaggio, Bernini, Beato Angelico, Rembrandt, Peter Paul Rubens, Francisco Goya, Tintoretto, Paolo Uccello, Chardin, Piero della Francesca, Giogio Vasari, El Greco, Durer, Lucan Cranach, Antonello da Messina, Mantegna, Simone Martini and many more. Housing more art museums and galleries, castles, villas, parks and arches, than most of the cities in Europe, Florence is a place that needs a lot of time to visit, spending the entire day at some attractions, while other might just take a few hours, the remainder might take a couple of days each. There are almost as many old villas then there are neighborhoods.
Then you have the numerous theaters and cinemas, which emphasizes the city's preponderance for tourism, that is now the most important attraction in the city. With some of the finest wines and foods grown here, the city has more than its fair share of great eating establishments, that stems from a tradition of peasant eating rather than high cooking, with the majority of their meals based on meat, with the entire animal traditionally eaten, with tripe and lampredotto that had once been usually on the menus, served moreso on the food carts that meander through the city. Their antipasti includes crostini tocani, that are slice bread rounds that have been topped with a chicken liver-based pate, along with sliced meats like salame and prosciutto, and sometimes served with melons when they are in season.